A while ago I published an article on PostgreSQL
user administration
. Typically, things have changed since I wrote
that article. I thought I’d detail a couple of the differences since
I wrote that guide.

The major difference is that you now have roles rather than users and
you use the CREATE ROLE command to create them instead of
CREATE USER, although the latter command still works. The
command line options for the createuser command have changed as
a result too. Before superuser and the ability to create new users were
the same thing. Now you can give a role permissions to create new roles
without giving them superuser powers. The options are now -s for
superuser and -S for not superuser, -d to allow them to create
databases and -D to disallow database creation and -r to allow the new
role to create other roles and -R to prevent them. for a standard user
you probably want somethig like:

createuser -S -D -R -P user

The -P makes createuser ask you for a password for
the new role.

You can find out more information about the new role system in
PostgreSQL in the user
sections of the manual.