SQL::Translator

Today, I discovered SQL::Translator,
which seems to have some very interesting use cases. Basically, it is a
perl module for translating a database schema from one of a number of
formats and turning it into another format. Parsers include:

  • Live querying of DB2, MySQL, DBI-PostgreSQL, SQLite and Sybase databases
  • Access
  • Excel
  • SQL for DB2, MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, SQLite and Sybase
  • Storable
  • XML
  • YAML

Output formats include:

  • Class::DBI
  • SQL for MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, SQLServer, SQLite and Sybase
  • Storable, XML and YAML
  • POD, Diagram, GraphViz and HTML

Several things spring to mind with this:

  1. Defining your Schema in XML and using SQL::Translator to convert it
    into SQL for several databases and a set of classes for Class::DBI,
    which would make your application immediately target any of the
    supported databases.
  2. Documenting an existing database for which you’ve lost existing
    documentation by pointing it at a running database instance and
    outputting HTML page and, thanks to the Diagram output module, visual
    representation of the structure.
  3. Convert one database from product to another. Point it at a MySQL
    database and generate SQL for postgresql. If you generated some
    Class::DBI stuff you could possibly quickly write a script to copy data
    too.
  4. Using the sqlt-diff script, compare you current SQL to what is
    running on the database and generate a SQL script to upgrade the
    database structure using ALTER TABLE etc. Presumably you’d need
    to convert any data yourself, but is still a time saver for large
    databases.

I’m sure other people could think of some interesting uses for this.
Having looked at the Class::DBI stuff, I think it could do with some
improvements. I can’t see a way to set the class names, although I
haven’t spent that much time looking and it insists on having all the
classes in one file. Also the XML and YAML formats
generated are rather verbose and I haven’t looked to see how much I
could cut them down to use as the source definition. I suspect that I
can make it a lot shorter and rely on sensible defaults.

My initial reason for wanting to use SQL::Translator is that
Class::DBI::Pg has a large start up time and isn’t really suitable for
CGI use if you have a complex database. This might be mitigated by using
mod_perl, but in the mean time I was hoping I could speed up startup by
telling Class::DBI my column names, rather than it querying the
database. SQL::Translator should allow me to save duplicating the
database structure, whilst allowing me to support multiple backend
databases. If I get this working, I’ll write up a short HOWTO.

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